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The Cookbook is in the signal... [UPDATE#6 - Symphony of the New Fire]

Written by Robert Greenyer on .

The End of the Carbon Age is Nigh
 
Thankyou to all those that helped us

Prepare thoroughly (Ni + LiAlH4 + Li)

  1. Bake Ni
  2. Reduce Ni
  3. Hydrogenate Ni
  4. Mix: Ni + LiAlH4 + Li
  5. Bake and vac reactor, add Mix, vac warm, add H2, Vac
  6. Heat to above Mössbauer determined Ni Debye (say 135C), pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  7. Hold, pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  8. Heat slowly to as close to Ni Curie as comfortable (Say 340C), pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  9. Hold, pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  10. Slowly lower temp to above highest known Ni Debye (Say 220C), pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  11. Hold, pressure regulated to approx 1bar abs.
  12. Go as fast as possible through Ni Curie
  13. Hold, pressure regulated to approx 0.5bar abs.
  14. Cycle through 500C internal, pressure regulated to approx 0.5bar abs.
  15. Hold, pressure regulated to approx 0.5bar abs.
  16. Raise internal temperature to over 1200, pressure regulated to approx 0.5bar abs.
  17. Drop to around 1000C and hold, pressure regulated to approx 0.5bar abs.
  18. Raise internal temperature to near boiling point of Lithium
Some of the above steps may in time be redundant.

1h Thermal > x/β- (0-100KeV) emissions thermalised in Lead > IR/THz (via blackbody) > 5h (SSM)
 
where '>' means 'leads to'





You will need to use this calculator


In order to fully appreciate the information you will receive, you will first need to deeply read and take on board the following post.
 


UPDATE#1-The signal...

Thankyou to Ecco, Webscience and Mark for the analysis.



 



A chart showing missed pulses (because there was too big a burst?). Spot the outlier?

The Plot shows the %age of pulses lost due to pulse overlap versus each Spectrum taken. The Absolute Error Bars are reflective of the Live/Real Time Resolution, given only in seconds.  In lieu of this, the Right Ordinate Scale (thin Olive Bars) shows the actual acquisition/accumulation time of each Spectrum, so that one may see that the longer a Spectrum is taken, the less Lost Pulse %age error there is. There is a tradeoff however, in the fact that shorter Spectrum Periods help further define/differentiate a sudden burst of pulses from the background condition.

This Spectrometer follows the general structure of a Scintillator/MCA.  More information on Pulse Overlap can be found at the following link, although the definitions of various terms need correction/improvement:

http://www.amptek.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/07/Application-Note-Acquisition-Time-Live-Time-Dead-Time.pdf

The following are useful online references concerning Dead Time or Pulse Overlap (in no particular order):

http://goo.gl/Hk40oU
 

After the MASSIVE broad band 'turn on' pulse, the excess heat mode is between 0 and 100KeV.
 
The Scintillator does not see below 30KeV and 30-50KeV is attenuated.


Much more detailed photometric analysis is being conducted and will be published later today.

UPDATE#2 - The video...


The team watched this video all the way through for the first time AFTER designing basically an E-Cat following discovery of the emissions.
 
It turns out Rossi had already talked about the what is important to capture the excess heat on the 12 March, 2012 - and even the E-Cat LT runs at "1500ºC" internally
 

UPDATE#3 - Iceberg in the *GlowStick*

Photometric analysis of the signal by Bob Higgins

 

UPDATE#4 - The Brilliance of Prof. Sergio Focardi

Whilst it is without doubt Prof. Francesco Piantelli that first discovered the Ni + H system in 1989 as we describe here, it was the long collaboration with one Sergio Focardi that allowed the early blossoming of the understanding of this nascent technology.

Whilst the MFMP had the extreme privilege of a long audience with Piantelli, we were very aware there was another man in the room. Piantelli clearly deeply respected and, in an Italian way one might say loved Sergio - it was also clear that he was moved to tears when recounting his physical and mental degradation through his twilight years. 

He shared with us the following video from 29th April 1994 of Focardi talking about their work together, to demonstrate just what a formidable man he was - you don't need to understand what he is saying to see that he was a shining intellect and an engaging orator.

This paper they produced together https://goo.gl/tn1f7w supports our findings, but in pure Ni + H systems.

What we have shown in a Rossi analogue however, has not been shown by any other party to date, not even Rossi. Since it is data from nature - failing exceptional other explanations that no-one has been able to offer or demonstrate since announcement - it is likely that in time, following our exact procedure as clearly detailed, the same kind of signature will be seen by others. Moreover, when seen, scientist will know they have an active system and can iterate to one that has higher output, be that by modifications to fuel, thermal profile or to the structure and materials used in the reactor design or its enclosure.

More specifically, this work by Focardi/Piantelli et al. does not show any separation between high broad band transitory event prior to onset of 'excess heat' and lower band events during periods of and only in periods of 'excess heat'. The combination of which explains both Celani's hitherto unexplained experience in 2011 and the consistent claims of Rossi. Indeed, the suggestion is that heat and emissions may have been mutually exclusive in their work at times.

This is good historical supporting evidence that allows us to have more confidence in what we are seeing, but it is a very different experiment with neither Li or Al present and conducted at very different temperatures.


UPDATE#5 - Looking under the cats skin, with the help of X-Rays

This "bad hand waving" video, recorded by Bob Greenyer on the 22nd February, discusses the early analysis of the E-Cat that developed between 16-22nd February as a direct result of seeing two shapes of EM radiation emitted from the *GlowStick* 5.2 Experiment.

CORRECTION: When Bob says that Mathieu's associate had said the signal was typical of a beta release, he actually said Bremsstrahlung radiation.

Bremsstrahlung Radiation: https://goo.gl/32s0Iq
Attenuation Calculator: http://goo.gl/ciBtsR
Lead Weight to Volume Calculator: http://goo.gl/EH6asj
Volume Calculator: http://goo.gl/LvIHCw


UPDATE#6 - Symphony of the New Fire

The major part of "The Cookbook is in the Signal" announcement will be ultimately contained in the dynamic live document below. Context for the sense of validity of our findings in the *GlowStick* 5.2 will be released into the program sections. We hope you join us in this revelation process, analysing and understanding each step until you see the consistent whole.

Be as critical as you are able, with justified reasoning, where gaps are identified - let us know in the comments and your contribution will be made public and date-stamped. We will endeavour to fill them together - we lit the New Fire together, let's explain it together.

This is your chance to make history the Live Open Science way.

Comments   

 
0 #349 jeff morriss 2016-05-06 06:39
For some reason my two precious posts were truncated. I'll try again.

Using external H2 source.

Based on the comments on this thread, it appears that LiAlH4 serves only as a source of H2. If that is true, then an external H2 source, such as a hydrogen generator, should suffice. Additionally, an external H2 source plus a vacuum pump permit precise control of H2 pressure up to 3 atm, which is the limit for the quartz cell.

The next question then, is the mixing and pre-treatment of the Ni and Li. In the last run I used 1g AH50 Ni + 0.1g passivated Li powder, mixed by shaking in a small bottle and then loaded into a 316SS capsule which was plugged on both ends with quartz wool to keep the powder in place. The capsule fits into an alumina tube wound with Kanthal wire in a quartz cell that can be pressurized or evacuated.

Pre-treatment consisted of heating the loaded cell to 250C while applying a vacuum to remove volatiles and to melt the Li, and was continued until a pressure of
Quote
 
 
0 #348 jeff morriss 2016-05-04 06:30
Continuation from last note...

until a pressure of
Quote
 
 
+1 #347 jeff morriss 2016-05-04 06:21
Using external H2 source.

Based on the comments on this thread, it appears that LiAlH4 serves only as a source of H2. If that is true, then an external H2 source, such as a hydrogen generator, should suffice. Additionally, an external H2 source plus a vacuum pump permit precise control of H2 pressure, as long as pressure is less than approx. 3 atm, which is the limit for the quartz cell.

The next question then, is the mixing and pre-treatment of the Ni and Li. In the last run I used 1g AH50 Ni + 0.1g passivated Li powder, mixed by shaking in a small bottle and then loaded into a non-sealed 316SS capsule. The capsule fits into an alumina tube wound with Kanthal wire in a quartz cell that can be pressurized or evacuated.

Pre-treatment consisted of heating to 250C while applying a vacuum to remove volatiles and melt the Li, and it was continued until
Quote
 
 
+1 #346 Donor#356 2016-05-02 17:13
@Robert Greenyer Please refer to my comments inserted amonst your original post after CAPS...

I am of the following opinion now. LiAlH4, Ni and free Li should not be mixed together in the reactor. In my opinion LiAlH4 serves only as a Hydrogen source first to Hydrogenate the Nickel before the Li Melts, then to make the Li on the surface of the Ni LiH. YES! limit how much H2 is in the Ni when you get initial ignition. Add more H2 after it's burning nicely...

The reversible reaction 2 LiH + 2 Al → 2 LiAl + H2 (R3) Allows the release and capture of H2 at will. YES!

The primary reaction is pure Piantelli Ni+H - the secondary reaction is 1H + 7Li > 2 X 4He. CORRECT, but Li is not essential, but it does work well in terms of clean exothermic production of alphas..

Our experiments so far have had all three reactants mixed together - and in this instance, as I calculated last year - the Al can play a role but it is in the way 27Al is a much bigger target than 7Li and in time it would destroy the (R3) reaction - that which enables the control of H2 in the cell since the Al would be transmuted and loose its function and the products are in the way. I AGREE.

The big yield is from 1H + 7Li > 2 X 4He, so you want nothing in its way. We, and other replicators may have seen low excess heat due to mixing everything together. YES.

I then had the inspiration that we might have mixed in a specific order in GS 5.2 - so I asked which order the powder was mixed in GS 5.2. Alan seems to recall the free lithium was added first - this is as I suspected and would be not ideal - but advantageous as per the above hypothesis. So, the suggestion is to, as a half way house, mix and pestle mortar the free lithium / Ni together before adding the LiAlH4 - or add mixed & ground Ni+Li to the cell first and drop the LiAlH4 in afterwards. First clean Ni & Li surfaces with H2 then diffuse Li throughout all the Ni pores. Then adjust H2 pressure ready for take off and go up through 700C chirping the power as you go up, or maybe bringing up a 13Cs or 90Sr source to get ignition and the big initial tell-tail pulse on The GM meter. ..

This is consistent with my calculations based on Piantelli theory, Rossi's 2012 interview with Ruby Carat and his diffuse LI and the claimed critical reversible reaction. It is also consistent with the implications of Ikegami, Unified Gravity Corporation and on the electron screening of molten LiH. TAKE your word for that

By having LiAlH4 in a different heated part of the reactor, it allows control of 2 LiH + 2 Al → 2 LiAl + H2 (R3) which means you can seal it up and control the H2 Pressure. YES!!

by varying the temperature of the Ni+LiH zone (above LiH breakdown) and LiH Al zone temperature you can control the ratio of H in LiH to enable molten LiH / Li on the Nickel at far lower temperature Li H liquid plasma. REACTION won't start until LiH is above 689C I think.
Quote
 
 
0 #345 Wyttenbach 2016-04-18 11:16
Looking at the gamma spectrum we see a minimum around 1300keV. This is just starting after the neutron energy missing for dark H*. (-780 - 511keV)
At the lowest allowed H electron orbit -511keV there are in total 1291keV missing for a neutron.
If a nucleous absorbs a H* we dont expect much radiation. H* will also not convert Ni61 because of a lack of energy!
Quote
 
 
0 #344 Sanjeev 2016-04-10 13:37
@Ecco
Got the file from google, but hugnet is still broken.
And the video too.
It will be better to make a new blog post for GS5.3 and post stuff there, like protocol, data etc. I guess right now its impossible for others to know whats going on.
Quote
 
 
0 #343 EccoEcco 2016-04-10 12:35
@Sanjeev
I'm getting empty JSON files from HUGnet too. It looks like something went wrong in the software after last week's downtime. On the other hand, I am perfectly able to download calibration data from the Google Docs folder even from a web browser where I'm not logged in with my Google account.

@AlanG
It would be useful if power data was included as well.
Quote
 
 
0 #342 Sanjeev 2016-04-10 08:42
@Robert
I can't download the data from your google docs folders. It asks for a login.
https://goo.gl/MGgKDz
On the video page, I get just a still with some text. I hope you are aware of this.
Quote
 
 
0 #341 Sanjeev 2016-04-10 08:39
https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/2991-Forget-about-the-E-Cat-It-never-worked-Replicators-and-the-Forum-should-focus-on/?postID=16601#post16601

Me356 is now claiming a COP of 2
Refuses to share results/reports or data.
Did he share anything with MFMP? What is going on here?
Quote
 
 
0 #340 Sanjeev 2016-04-10 04:47
Just now tried 2 hour duration, 30 sec average, its still not correct.
Looks like this:

[{"group":"default","raw":[],"id":16516608,"Date":1460262270,"TestID":null,"Type":"30SEC","Data0":25.69,"Data1":801.56,"Data2":634.55,"Data3":637.82,"Data4":-18.81,"Data5":null,"Data6":null,"Data7":null,"Data8":null,"Data9":null,"Data10":null,"Data11":null,"Data12":null,
"Data13":null,"Data14":null,"Data15":null,"Data16":null,"Data17":null,"Data18":null,"Data19":null,"Data20":null,
"Data21":null,"Data22":null,"Data23":null,"Data24":null,"Data25":null,"Data26":null,"Data27":null,"Data28":null,
"Data29":null,"converted":true},..............................
Quote
 
 
0 #339 Robert Greenyer 2016-04-09 21:28
ok - we have it locally... can you wait and try again?

Or try different time period or averaging?
Quote
 
 
+1 #338 Sanjeev 2016-04-09 09:02
The "export as csv" is not working, I get bad data.
Quote
 
 
0 #337 Robert Greenyer 2016-04-08 19:34
@Ecco

Yes - exactly - and I suggested just this to me356 earlier

Piantelli uses very low pressure.
Quote
 
 
+1 #336 EccoEcco 2016-04-08 18:47
@Robert Greenyer

If that is the rationale, you could completely get rid of LiAlH4 and simply use Ni and Li with externally supplied hydrogen. You can control pressure much easier this way, and you also won't have to back temperatures down in order to occasionally bleed excess hydrogen off in the initial part of the experiment. If the aim is also for the most part dissolving nickel in Lithium as per one of your previous hypotheses, in this way you will be also free to increase temperatures right away to high levels in order to speed up the process (as the solubility of Ni in Li increases exponentially with temperature).

(EDIT: it looks like I skipped reading the last part of your comment where you write that a possible plan is adding LiAlH4 in a separate reactor zone)

If I remember correctly the Unified Gravity Corporation patent prescribes very low operating H2 pressures. This would make Li transition to gaseous form earlier. If this is the model, it would make sense to not use LiAlH4 so that after preliminary cleaning vacuum cycles are applied only a tiny amount of hydrogen is added before power is applied.

I joked on another venue that the "3-6 bars" in Rossi's provisional patent is actually an intentional typo/error Rossi made and it was really intended to be "E-6 bars", i.e.: 1E-6 bar => 10 ^ (-6) bar. Perhaps it really needs to be a vacuum / very low pressure atmosphere as other researchers seem to be using. Come to think of it, with HV discharge this should be similar to the UGC patent.
Quote
 
 
0 #335 Robert Greenyer 2016-04-08 17:29
@All

I am of the following opinion now.

LiAlH4, Ni and free Li should not be mixed together in the reactor.

In my opinion LiAlH4 serves only as a Hydrogen source first to Hydrogenate the Nickel before the Li Melts, then to make the Li on the surface of the Ni LiH.

The reversible reaction

2 LiH + 2 Al → 2 LiAl + H2 (R3)

Allows the release and capture of H2 at will.

The primary reaction is pure Piantelli Ni+H - the secondary reaction is 1H + 7Li > 2 X 4He

Our experiments so far have had all three reactants mixed together - and in this instance, as I calculated last year - the Al can play a role but it is in the way 27Al is a much bigger target than 7Li and in time it would destroy the (R3) reaction - that which enables the control of H2 in the cell since the Al would be transmuted and loose its function and the products are in the way.

The big yield is from 1H + 7Li > 2 X 4He, so you want nothing in its way.

We, and other replicators may have seen low excess heat due to mixing everything together.

I then had the inspiration that we might have mixed in a specific order in GS 5.2 - so I asked which order the powder was mixed in GS 5.2. Alan seems to recall the free lithium was added first - this is as I suspected and would be not ideal - but advantageous as per the above hypothesis.

So, the suggestion is to, as a half way house, mix and pestle mortar the free lithium / Ni together before adding the LiAlH4 - or add mixed & ground Ni+Li to the cell first and drop the LiAlH4 in afterwards - even as a "pellet" or after a piece of alumina felt.

This is consistent with my calculations based on Piantelli theory, Rossi's 2012 interview with Ruby Carat and his patent and the claimed critical reversible reaction. It is also consistent with the implications of Ikegami, Unified Gravity Corporation and on the electron screening of molten LiH.

http://unifiedgravity.com/styled-10/

By having LiAlH4 in a different heated part of the reactor, it allows control of

2 LiH + 2 Al → 2 LiAl + H2 (R3)

which means you can seal it up and control the H2 Pressure

by varying the temperature of the Ni+LiH zone (above LiH breakdown) and LiH Al zone temperature you can control the ratio of H in LiH to enable molten LiH / Li on the Nickel at far lower temperature Li H liquid plasma.
Quote
 
 
0 #334 Robert Greenyer 2016-04-08 16:31
@Jeff

The recipe was for brevity at the end of an exhausting evaluation.

In the GS 5.3 experiment - that we are about to start calibrations of today - we will be doing extreme levels of documentation. As we go - please pay attention and ask for clarity on any aspect and we shall endeavour to clarify the live document.
Quote
 
 
0 #333 Stephen Cooke 2016-04-06 09:47
Interesting article about Hydride Ion conduction:

http://www.spacedaily.com/reports/Hydride_ion_conduction_makes_its_first_appearance_999.html

http://science.sciencemag.org/content/351/6279/1314
Quote
 
 
+1 #332 jeff morriss 2016-04-04 08:31
The 18 step process outlined above is not quite the same as an experimental protocol, where each step is called out in terms of specific variables and conditions. For those of us who are attempting replications it would most useful if the steps above could be written more in a format such as typically appears in journals.
Quote
 
 
0 #331 jeff morriss 2016-04-04 02:29
Quoting Sanjeev:
Jeff is reporting significant radiation from his Celani-type of experiment.

https://www.lenr-forum.com/forum/index.php/Thread/2847-Celani-Type-Replication/?postID=14761#post14761


Unfortunately, the radiation was ultimately traced to decay progeny of Rn222 that adhered to dust. Null experiments (air flow without the cell and the cell without airflow) confirm that radioactivity is detected only when airflow is present. As a final confirmation, I was able to borrow a CdTe detector, and the observed gamma energies matched those for Rn222 decay products.
Quote
 
 
+3 #330 Robert Greenyer 2016-03-30 23:39
Brian Albiston, with the exact same AH50 Hunter Nickel and Nanoshell Passivated lithium as used in GS5.2, following MFMP recipe as close as possible is, during first attempt at replication, seeing evidence of excess heat.

https://plot.ly/818/~fear_nuts/

In addition the reactor is shielded with some molten lead.

Brian says that the cell has 10% error, and the calibration was not satisfactory in our opinion - but early data pointed to estimated COP of 1.25 which exceeds that we have had evidence of in a *GlowStick* to date. Brian would want to wait until a much more complete calibration was done as a basis for a future more rigorous experiment. The experiment is on-going.

In addition, whilst it is hard for the low sensitivity radiation monitor he is using to see any potential 'signal' due to the lead shielding, he did place it at the end where there is a 'gap' in the lead - though at an increased distance. See this image.

http://a.disquscdn.com/uploads/mediaembed/images/3427/7239/original.jpg

He noted earlier...

"I did just witness something interesting though. I reduced pressure to ~0.25 bar several hours ago to see if it had any effect on estimated COP. I didn't notice much difference so I just added Hydrogen in to bring it to around 1 bar. When I added the Hydrogen my Geiger counter went from ~13 uSv to ~30 uSv for about 15 seconds. This sounds very much like what MFMP observed when they would add fresh Hydrogen to their Celiani cells. I added additional Hydrogen to bring it up to ~9 psig but the effect did not repeat."

This is about the same order of change as we repeatedly witnessed in France in Celani cells in 2013 using a GMC-300 Geiger counter and given the distance of the sensor from the putative source, the decay time is in-line with our observations.

Whilst Brian cannot do an exact replication of the GS5.2 for obvious reasons, he is a good candidate to get very close and we wish him well for the rest of this experiment and look forward to his next run where he intends to enhance the calibration phase.

We must commend him on the solution to providing a molten lead jacket, whilst it is not directly coupled to the central reactor core, it is an excellent open innovation that takes the collective effort forward.
Quote
 
 
0 #329 Robert Greenyer 2016-03-29 20:04
@Kalle

That was an instrumentation wobble.
Quote
 
 
0 #328 Kalle 2016-03-29 13:43
Bob!!!! Is it the signal we see in Albistons ongoing experiment (look at ambient between 27 and 28th of march)

Best regards

Kalle
Quote
 
 
0 #327 Stephen Cooke 2016-03-27 09:55
This might be a bit simplistic thinking but I wonder if low energy proton capture can only occur if the daughter nucleus has a positive Qbeta+ ?

Perhaps in these cases the beta+ emission or EC is even stimulated.

It might also explain why Protons are not absorbed by Ni62 since Cu63 has a Qbeta+ value of -66.9 keV.

Once Internal Bremsstrahlung emissions are generated from EC or beta + emissions could these excite electrons to higher energy levels in other atoms outside the group 10 elements to allow H- anion absorption in those atoms in the same way as occurs in the group 10 elements such as Nickel?

Perhaps then copper and zinc atoms could absorb H- anions In the same way as Nickel and their nuclei would also then absorb protons?
Quote
 
 
0 #326 Robert Greenyer 2016-03-26 01:15
@Artefact

Thanks for that - it is in good correlation with my understanding.
Quote
 

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