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The Martin Fleischmann Memorial Project is a group dedicated to researching Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (often referred to as LENR) while sharing all procedures, data, and results openly online. We rely on comments from online contributors to aid us in developing our experiments and contemplating the results. We invite everyone to participate in our discussions, which take place in the comments of our experiment posts. These links can be seen along the right-hand side of this page. Please browse around and give us your feedback. We look forward to seeing you around Quantum Heat.

Join us and become part of the project. Become one of the active commenters, who question our work and suggest next steps.

Or, if you are an experimenter, talk to us about becoming an affiliated lab and doing your work in a Live Open Science manner.

We want everyone to know we are renewing our powder research effort and to get the ball rolling, we are pleased to announce the first new associate project member, Dr. Stoyan Sarg who has offered to share his insights with the MFMP.

Stoyan has said that he believes that the MFMPs work at QuantumHeat.org and the process of Live Open Science we are pioneering is the best way to realise this technology for the people and that is why he is supporting us with his significant expertise.

According to Dr. Stoyan Sarg, nickel-hydrogen LENR using nickel powder is the most promising cold fusion process to explore. He supports the idea of a nuclear fusion, known as a proton capture that was initially suggested in relation to LENR by Focardi and Rossi [1]. This process, envisioned to exist only in stars, was not considered feasible according to officially accepted knowledge. However, according to Sarg’s theory [2] and the analysis published in his the recent articles [3,4], proton capture is facilitated by hydrogen atoms that are in an intermediate Rydberg state. Sarg claims that in this state, the magnetic field of Rydberg atoms interact constructively with Nickel nuclei which are in a suitable nuclear spin state, the net effect permits the overcoming of the Coulomb barrier. According to Sarg, Rydberg state hydrogen plays an important role in the E-cat reactor of Rossi and the Hyperion reactor of Defkalion DGT group. In the E-cat reactor, the Rydberg state is probably created by using of some radioactive isotope, while in the Hyperion reactor a high voltage discharge is used.


[1] S. Focardi and A. Rossi, A new energy source from nuclear fusion

[2] S. Sarg, Structural Physics of Nuclear Fusion: With BSM-SG Atomic Models

[3] S. Sarg, Physics of Cold Fusion With the BSM–SG Atomic Models

[4] S. Sarg, Nickel-Hydrogen Cold Fusion by Intermediate Rydberg State of Hydrogen: Selection of the Isotopes for Energy Optimization and Radioactive Waste Minimization

Experiment not debate

In Stoyan's writings as linked above (please particularly download and read the pdf linked from [4]) you will learn that he has a theory on which he builds his understanding of what is going on in LENR. Now, the MFMP was set up to explore the claims of others, basically through experimentation, to establish incontrovertible proof of the New Fire. We are not really a theoretical debating organisation, we are simply not qualified. We are learning from the best published material, experts, the crowd and our own experience of what happens when we run a test. Stoyan supports the contribution of Francesco Celani which we are continuing to research, however, he feels he is more able to contribute on the development of Ni-H powder reactor research, ideally with selected 62Ni. There are two types of reactors that he would like to help design:

  1. One suitable for the creation of Rydberg hydrogen via a broad band RF triggering (HV arc) as claimed by Defkalion Green Technologies
  2. Another configured to allow the creation of Rydberg hydrogen by low energy radioactive additive (most probably 63Ni) as he supposes is used by the E-cat of Rossi

From an ease of replication point of view down the line, a reactor that does not need a low energy Beta- particle (easily shielded with maximum range of 2.14 inches) source to trigger is more desirable because there is far less chance of difficulties with handling for experimentation, regulators, import/export etc. Also, from our point of view, there are many different claims of HV arcs causing matter modification, including in natures lightening, so exploring this route is not an exploration of a single theory but purely pragmatic.

So initially he thinks we should start with Ni-H and HV where the HV passes through the nickel powder. According to his understanding, the powder must be only of nickel and the gaps must be of sufficient size (5-30um) in order to obtain Rydberg atoms (ion-electron pairs) because they need a minimum gap to oscillate.

In the coming days he says he will publish his draft design for evaluation and discussion and says that we should start testing with powders we can gain access to or can produce before getting too specific.

HV System

Ok, great, so he has a basis for understanding how these reactors are working that he is willing to discuss, he has concepts for reactors that he wants us to evaluate – but if we are going to test an HV (arc) driven reactor – what about the circuit to drive that spark?

Well, Stoyan has a LOT of experience in this area and is willing to share that too!

He is working on a piece of equipment based on Tesla technology which he has modified for use with a suitably designed Ni-H cell to be a broadband frequency emitter. The device consumes only 5 watts, while giving an AC HV about 20 kV. It can be supplied by a battery and is particularly suitable, because Tesla coils generate longitudinal (scalar) waves that penetrate as transients through the equipment. These waves, therefore are very useful because they can pass through the nickel powder, generating Rydberg hydrogen as they do so.

Below are two pictures of the device, which, of course, should be enclosed in a box with control knobs for safety.


Once we have the new design for the HV cell, he says that if we can raise enough funds and provide the resources to openly build the new cell or someone can build it for us, he will also contribute by building the matched AC HV device, similar to the one above, but enclosed in a box. He will also provide the project the schematics, but notes that it is not trivial to get this right, as Tesla technology has specifics that requires accumulated experience. Here is a small videoclip with it operating.

He says the parts for the HV driver will cost about $160 plus his time, but he will contribute this assuming we can come together to make the reactor.

Huge thanks

We are totally blown away by his dedication to openness in evaluation of this field and his offers to not only design hardware, but to fund, build and deliver a key component, alongside schematics and be willing to support the open testing of these ideas.

This is only the second time (after the incredible bravery of Francesco Celani) that the MFMP has had a respected scientist actively put forward his ideas and technology for open evaluation. In a research space that is externally dismissed by the industries it threatens and internally restricted by NDAs, investor priorities and clouded by greed and ego, we commend this humanitarian act and urge others to follow suit.

As ever, we ask for your input into this focussed design and evaluation process below, Stoyan has said he will keep a watch on this blog and will provide answers directly.

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+1 #18 Stoyan Sarg 2014-02-24 17:07
I suggested firstly to use the rector cell and the system of Bob Higgins described in his article "Surface Processing of Carbonyl Nickel Powder for Ni-H LENR Application". The creation of Rydberg hydrogen could be obtained by two methods: (1) - HV discharge (Defkalion method) or (2) - use of radioactive isotope, for example Ni63 mixed with the nickel powder (a method probably used by Rossi in his E-cat).
The method of HV discharge requires a minor internal modification of the Higgins cell.
I design a HV device based on Tesla technology. It must assure creation of Tesla waves through the nickel powder with a broad band frequency. It will have two operating modes: HV AC pulses or HV DC pulses. The following parameters are achieved:
HV AC: pulse amplitude 40 kV; pulse rate 5 – 30 p/s; power consumption from a 6V battery – 5 W.
HV DC: pulse amplitude 20 kV, pulse rate 3 – 8 p/s, pulse energy 0.2 J, power consumption – 7 W.
The pulse energy in HV DC is easier estimated because it is based on a discharge of capacitor with a known value. The pulse energy of HV AC pulses is approximately estimated from the input power consumption and the repetition rate.
0 #17 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-22 22:58
@Nikita Alexandrov

Do you have experience / capabilities to machine MACOR or other high performance ceramics?
0 #16 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-22 15:29
@Nakita Alexandrov

Thank you for the kind offer, we will be publishing design option start points for development and discussion.

If you have any schematics of the type of thing you are producing, it would be great if you can post them.
+2 #15 Nikita Alexandrov 2014-02-21 20:54
Dr. Stoyan,
What type of cell will you guys be needing?
If you can give me the schematics I may be able to help you out.
We are building gas loading systems in the lab now...
Been working on in-house TIG welding feedthroughs for high pressure systems.
0 #14 martin 2014-02-19 06:02
Very similar experiment to Blacklight power plasma reactor.

0 #13 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-19 00:20
@Jamie Sibley

This is an interesting concept, thanks for sharing - and yes no direct short would be good.
0 #12 Jamie Sibley 2014-02-18 23:21
Here is the mechanical drawing:


The electrical schematic is identical to a fluorescent light driver. Low voltage isolated DC is fed to each filament to heat them, then any type of electrical power is supplied between the filaments.

This setup would prevent the powdered nickel from acting like a dead short between the electrodes because the ultrasonic sound would keep it levitating and dispersed.

Also, this setup is similar enough to what MFMP has already done, so they can reuse the tubes and machined end caps.
0 #11 martin 2014-02-18 22:51
Interesting video

interesting video

( Water+ Potassium Carbonate + sparkplug )
The water was mixed with a little Potassium Carbonate. and about 22000uf bank of caps on it. 10Amp Powerstat rectified to DC with about 2500uf caps not very high voltages under 200VDC (power usage 6 -10 amp)


plasma sparkplug setup
0 #10 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-18 22:32
@Jamie Sibley

Nice, can you provide a schematic for others to visualise?
0 #9 Jamie Sibley 2014-02-18 22:09
I have a suggestion on how to build a reactor:

This reactor creates a cloud of nickel dust and hydrogen and creates a non-arcing glow discharge in the cloud.

A) Build a reaction vessel out of a tube of electrically insulating material, like glass or quartz.

B) Install ultrasonic transducers inside(or outside) the reactor to cause mechanical levitation of the nickel powder in the tube.

C) Fill the reactor with a small quantity ( ~1g ) of nickel powder.

D) Install end caps with heated cathodes at both ends of the reactor. Heated cathodes aid in creating electron emission and glow discharge.

E) Add hydrogen at low pressure.

F) Apply varying AC , DC , RF, and/or Pulsed power to the electrodes to generate a gas discharge though the cloud of levitating nickel and low pressure hydrogen.

G)Perform gamma, caloric and gas composition studies on the reactor.
0 #8 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-18 22:02
@Adrian Ashfield

It may be a good option to use a EDM power supply, Plus we can sell it back afterwards.

I think the point is that Dr Sarg is proposing a system matched to theory and offering to design a cell too.

We'll be doing this in the open before acting - so hopefully Jones Beene can add his ideas and suggestions directly into the mix as we go, thankyou for suggesting he post here, as said above, Stoyan is willing to address points here directly.
0 #7 Adrian Ashfield 2014-02-18 21:42
@ Robert Greenyer

See what Jones Beene wrote here.
then click RE: [Vo]:MFMP starting work with nickel powder Jones Beene

He is doubtful about the home built pulsed power unit. I have asked him too post here, which would be best.
0 #6 Robert Greenyer 2014-02-18 21:17
@Adrian Ashfield

Well that is great on two counts, 1, it supports the claim of Celani's passive system, 2, it again means we are making the right choice to work on the novel Tesla inspired HV driven system.

Tungsten normally needs to reach high temperatures 1700 - 3000K to disassociate H2. With respect to Celani's wire, if it is able to do it at 100s of degrees (bulk average temp) it really is something and that is part of the reasons for the tests we have and will perform in the US on splitting H2.

There is one thing to consider, that is of one of the only LENR papers that seams to have been both replicated and published in a respected journal - that of the electron screening effect of Deuterium in loaded Palladium. This is the work of Huke et al.


It would be great to be able to repeat that research for Ni/Cr +H.

With a correctly configured resonant system with extremely low losses, LENR might just happen due to electron screening (maybe that is what is happening in both Rossi and to a lesser extent Celani). In less optimal systems, a beta- source might trigger it, in a barely configured system, the smorgasbord of triggering that comes from an HV ARC - might just be the ticket to have an easily on/off able system with good control on power output.

When/if we get something that works, we can then start to refine the efficiency and maybe just remove the big hammers.
0 #5 Adrian Ashfield 2014-02-18 19:01
Rossi has again confirmed today that he uses no radioactive materials in his E-Cats.

I recall some years ago Rossi stated that he experimented with different heater wires and found nothing worked as well as tungsten, which is known to produce atomic H from H2.
0 #4 Nicolas Chauvin 2014-02-18 08:15
The original Maxwell's equations have been simplified by Oliver Heaviside into the vector field form that we all know.


With this reformulation, the longitudinal waves have been lost mathematically.

We also have reasons to believe that Nikola Tesla was using original Maxwell's equations rather than Heaviside's version.
0 #3 Nicolas Chauvin 2014-02-18 08:07
Hi Paul,

You will find great papers on the mathematical explanation of the longitudinal waves here:

- Generalisation of Classical Electrodynamics to Admit a Scalar Field and Longitudinal Waves

- The total time derivative with Bi-Quaternion electrodynamics

And here:
0 #2 Paul Hunt 2014-02-18 02:54
Can anyone give me a short physics based tutorial about electromagnetic longitudinal waves?

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