Why was Carbon and Oxygen in the fuel and ash, why Nitrogen and Oxygen in the reactor is not a problem and why has Parkhomov possibly seen success where 'purists' have failed?
Bob Greenyer made a discovery earlier today that might explain why Carbon and Oxygen is seen in the fuel and the ash in all reported element analysis for Rossi's reactors and why Nitrogen is no impediment to the reaction. Essentially, if you have proton projectiles available - you have a standard, accepted nuclear fuel cycle based on Carbon, Oxygen, Nitrogen and protons (from Hydrogen). See attached accepted basic reaction chain. For a more complete reaction chain and how it fits into the whole reactors fuel cycle, please see the end of the spreadsheet:
Image taken from page 596 of this reference
Subsequent to this finding, the SEM/EDX came in for the Parkhomov Ni - and it is a doozy.
Bob Higgins says
"I have just received the SEM image and analysis from Ed Storms (Kiva Labs). Alexander's Ni is a carbonyl Ni very similar to the Hunter AH50. Even though the bottle says 99.9% Ni, that may be a bulk analysis if it is even correct. Ed's EDX analysis showed the surface to have 83% Ni, 5.2% O, and 6.5% C. The median particle sized looks to be about 8 microns diameter. This should alleviate concerns that Alexander's Ni powder was somehow "special" because it was ordinary carbonyl Ni powder."
Thanks to Dr. Parkhomov for giving us the sample and for Edmund Storms and Kiva Labs for the analysis.
It seams that we have been failing because we believed that the purity of the Nickel needed to be extremely pure, like the QSI powder. We have been making the same mistake that the early attempts to replicate Pons and Fleischmann made - trying to be too refined, too much of a "good thing" could have been our downfall.
ENEA has spent the last 2 decades searching for the right impurities for palladium, if only everyone had known the need for impurities then as now...
Wouldn't it have been great to know what was in those original P&F electrodes as we do now for Dr. Parkhomov's Nickel?
UPDATE #1 - Carbon cycle like LENR observed?