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Doppelgänger

Geschrieben von Robert Greenyer am .

What if you had a document that…

  • Showed nuclear synthesis without harmful radiation
  • had two catalysts, a big and a small one
  • could self sustain
  • operated between 300 and 1500ºC +
  • had demonstrated melt-downs
  • works as a fluid
  • could be enhanced by other catalysts
  • potentially gave insight to the whole LENR field

Nuclear synthesis in a multi catalytic system at high temperatures

Comments   

 
0 #21 FirstGuillermo 2017-10-26 09:06
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0 #20 Robert Greenyer 2016-10-09 00:13
I intuited that we needed to pass electricity through the fuel last year and told as much to me356 - I advise discharge or a central electrode.

Perhaps people missed it at the start of my Doppelgänger video, but my thinking has advanced somewhat following a lecture by Christian Amatore at Aarhus

http://www.electrochem.org/amatore

He was discussing Pt in chemical reaction catalysis and said that a catalyst cannot return to its original state (where it has the ability to facilitate the reaction) by heat. Instead you must apply some form or electrons or light.

In the case of electrolytic cells, the application of electricity is a given, in the case of glow or spark discharge, again it is there in abundance. In the case of laser stimulated reactions, such as those by Cravens, you have the light. But what of the Lugano / *GlowStick* series?

In the case of the Lugano reactor, there are three parallel phases - now Alan re-discovered that Alumina progressively becomes a conductor as the temperature rises - this is why I made recommendations to me356. With 3 phases and pulsed energy you can have a differential of 240 X Sqrt3 differential I think (may be wrong) between the phases, and so that would create some electrical power through the fuel - if how ever the 3 phase was configured as a star - with the neutral in the middle of the fuel, then there would readily be electricity passing though the fuel.

So what of the *GlowStick* type cells? In one of my videos, I showed that the peak IR was around 900ºC, after that we start to move into the visible spectrum. For Visible, read "light" so whilst there is no appreciable electricity possible though the alumina in a GS, there is more and more light above 900ºC, could this be why we appear to see the effect take off at the highest temperatures?
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0 #19 Robert Greenyer 2016-10-03 15:13
@Robin van Spaandonk

Yes, I have been speaking to him quite a bit about that today and have requested further time with him over the week. He has deep understanding of the most probable outcomes from the reaction.
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0 #18 Fredrick Hibbs 2016-10-01 14:58
@Arnaud @Hank Mills @Bob Higgins

Thinking about possible contaminants... . Nickel grains were "supported" on a small amount of kieselguhr, i.e. inert silica, aka diatomaceous earth. Minimal alumina content, plus some iron perhaps. Reactor was stainless steel (Fe, Ni, Cr) but runaways typically occurred within the bulk of the macro-porous nickel.

When I said the reactor was purged, that was with a vacuum (~1 mm Hg IIRC), filled with nitrogen, vacuumed again & then filled with hydrogen, prior to the in-situ reduction procedure. Reactor was also purged afterwards with nitrogen and then thoroughly with air before being opened for inspection.
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0 #17 Fredrick Hibbs 2016-10-01 14:46
@Arnaud @Hank Mills @Bob Higgins
I am just as keen to see LENR in action ASAP as you...
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0 #16 Arnaud 2016-10-01 12:51
Thank you Fredrick for all this informations.
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0 #15 Hank Mills 2016-09-30 02:21
Hello Fredrick Hibbs,

Thank you for all the answers! They are very much appreciated!

I'm up to my neck in research right now, so I'll need a bit of time to wrap my head fully around your answers. The phenomenon you discovered sure does look interesting.
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0 #14 Fredrick Hibbs 2016-09-29 21:06
Quoting Arnaud:
Thank you for the answers. The contaminant could be in very low quantity to start a runaway event. The contaminant could come from element present inside the reactor. The awaiting time tell us that it takes time to prepare the Ni to start the LENR in your case (if it is related to a LENR event) I've a last question. How did you heat the reactor ? Electrical heaters ? Arnaud

@Arnaud
I agree with you saying that there could possibly have been a contaminant at the level of 10 ppm magnitude. However, runaways frequently occurred during perfectly steady state operation, e.g. at night. Reactor was heated electrically with adjustable AC voltage from tapped rheostats (1970's!).

I am not claiming this was LENR but I am saying it was pure (carbonyl) nickel behaving very oddly in the presence of electrolytic Hydrogen, lots of Ammonia and some Alcohol plus Water.

Controlling the temperature (by removing heat fast enough when necessary) would have required a very thin wafer type design reactor with large heat sinks and external heating.
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0 #13 Arnaud 2016-09-29 20:14
Thank you for the answers.

The contaminant could be in very low quantity to start a runaway event. The contaminant could come from element present inside the reactor. The awaiting time tell us that it takes time to prepare the Ni to start the LENR in your case (if it is related to a LENR event)
I've a last question. How did you heat the reactor ? Electrical heaters ?

Arnaud
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0 #12 Fredrick Hibbs 2016-09-29 17:04
Quoting Arnaud:
I've a few more question regarding the run away you have described.
1) Is the runaway starting immediately after reaching 200°C or this phenomena arise in a sudden in the middle of a batch?
2) Is there any contaminant from the alcohol or the ammonia coming in the reactor?

If there is "Doppelgänger" reaction taking place, there must be H- produced somewhere. Ni is a good candidate for that but it needs contaminant as an alkalin (Na+, K+, ...) and probably also a C in the form of graphite. Holmid have said that he is coating his catalyst with C http://i.imgur.com/vj8Qt7r.png To avoid the run away, could you have used Rayney nickel instead ? Arnaud

@Arnaud
Temperature runaways occurred hours or days after starting a run (without there being any known reason). Perhaps an EM pulse or a cosmic ray interaction - maybe???
Alcohol was pure, undenatured, but not always anhydrous. Ammonia was high purity industrial grade in large bottles.
With water present, NH4+ is very alkaline. Alcohol supplied some C atoms, as well as O. Never tried Raney nickel - that's a very different kind of nickel - it's an alloy with Aluminium plus a Zn or Cr promoter that has been leached with strong NaOH to create a sponge with lots of alumina (bad).
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